Job Hazard Analysis

Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) - An overview

A JHA is the breaking down of a job into its component steps and then evaluating each step, looking for hazards. Each hazard is then corrected or a method of worker protection (safe practice or PPE) is identified. Additional requirements for worker training, certification, authorization, etc., may also be identified for the process or job. The final product is a written document….a standard of safe operation for a particular job.

Hazards analysis can get pretty sophisticated and go into much detail.  Where the potential hazards are significant and the possibility for trouble is quite real, such detail may well be essential.  However, for many processes and operations — both real and proposed — a solid look at the operation or plans by a variety of affected people may be sufficient. The easiest and possibly most effective method is using the step-by-step process of the Job Hazard Analysis (JHA).  JHA, sometimes referred to as a Job Safety Analysis (JSA), is covered in good detail in the Job Hazard Analysis, OSHA Publication 3071.

How to complete a Job Hazard Analysis: Even simple processes are complex — they are impacted by human behavior, workplace variables, other business and natural forces, raw material variables, normal wear and tear, and more. Our department offers a comprehensive training class on how to break out the steps of a job, evaluate a variety of potential hazards or other related safety requirements, recommend effective controls, and complete a written document that provides a legacy of safe work practices for that particular job.

Frequently Asked Questions: JHA

Is there an OSHA law requiring I complete a JHA?

Where can I find written guidance on how to complete a JHA?

When does a JHA become obsolete?

I have over 50 jobs in my department, which ones take priority?

I’ve been tasked to complete JHA for jobs within my department. Where should I begin?

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