Ph.D. (anthropology), Brown University. Arctic archaeology, geoarchaeology, and lithic analysis.
M.A. (Anthropology) University of Montana, 2004. Evolutionary Theory, Fossil Hominins, Osteology, Biomechanics, and Bipedalism, Taxonomy and Epistemology
M.A. (anthropology), University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1987. Instructor, Rural Alaska Honors Institute, UAF.
M.A. (anthropology), University of Utah, 1975. Field Office Archaeologist (retired), Bureau of Land Management. Cultural resource management, Arctic and northwest Alaska, Alaska mining history.